Treasures of The Library of Orfeó Català

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Glossary

 

 

Antiphonary

Liturgical book of the Western Church containing various chants of the Divine Office, such as antiphonies, responsories, and others. The antiphony is a type of liturgical chant that generally consists of a relatively brief melody in a simple syllabic style and serves as a chorus when singing the verses of a psalm or canticle.

link 12th century antiphonary passage
link 13th century antiphonary passage
link Liber primus qui missas of Tomás Luis de Victoria
link 16th century pocket choir book

Ars Nova

Mannered style of music produced mainly in France and Italy between the 1320’s and the 1440’s. Thanks to the notation techniques explained by Philippe de Vitry in the treatise on Ars Nova (c. 1322), a formal exactitude is possible that allows for great innovations in polyphony composition, namely motet.

link Ars Nova: Manuscript 2 of the Orfeó Català

Autograph manuscript

That which is written by the author. If it has been done so in full, it is called a holograph.

link Miscellaneous music by Miguel López
link Sardana sobre motivos del Faust by Pep Ventura
link Danzas españolas by Enrique Granados
link Letter of Erik Satie to Antoni Nicolau
link Autograph manuscript of Francisco Tárrega
link Trio of Joaquín Malats
link Autograph of Déodat de Séverac
link The Iberias of Albéniz
link Wanda Landowska and the early music revival
link Goyescas by Granados
link Librito de caprichos: the notebook of Granados
link Als Catalans of Joseph Canteloube
link Llibre d’Or of the Orfeó Català

Calendar of saints’ days

Saints’ days within the liturgical year.

link 12th century antiphonary passage
link Processional of the monastery of Sant Joan de les Abadesses

Choir book

Manuscript designed so that an entire choir (20 people or more) can read it at the same time. Its dimensions, therefore, had to be sufficiently large to allow reading from a certain distance.

link Gradual of 1623
link Liber primus qui missas of Tomás Luis de Victoria
link Passions of Joan Pau Pujol (1570-1626)

Codex

Manuscript book prior to the printing press (c. 1450)

link Ars Antiqua: Manuscript 1 of the Orfeó Català
link 16th century pocket choir book

Concert programme

Writing drawn up for the occasion of a concert performance. It must at least provide information regarding the place, date and time of the concert, in addition to the details of that to be performed. It also usually includes information more of less detailed on the composers and performers of the works.

link Goyescas by Granados
link Concert programmes of the Palau

Conductus

Medieval song for one voice or more, with a usually religious text, in rhythmic Latin verse.

link Ars Antiqua: Manuscript 1 of the Orfeó Català

Duet

Composition for 2 performers, with or without accompaniment.

link Six petites pièces pour guitare by Ferran Sor

Ensalada

Poem that mixes verses of other poems with various metrics, often in different languages, and generally with a humoristic intention. The same name is used for musical composition made with this type of poem. In Spain, they were regularly performed throughout the 16th century.

link Las Ensaladas of Matheo Flecha